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Long Food Network News: With the rapid development of urbanization, the future of China's food security will face more complex situations and challenges. From the perspective of food consumption demand, firstly, the urban population continues to expand in size and the total food consumption is growing. The contradiction between the supply and demand of food will become even more prominent. Second, the growth of residents' income and living standard will promote the transformation of food consumption and food structure The contradiction between the structure of grain supply and demand is more obvious; the third is the high concentration of grain consumption demand under the background of urban population agglomeration, putting forward higher requirements on emergency support capability of grain supply for emergencies such as major natural disasters. From the perspective of grain production, although the grain production in our country has achieved "eleven consecutive increases", in the process of rapid urbanization and industrialization, with the development of agriculture entering a new stage, the basis for ensuring food security in the future is being challenged: on the one hand , The domestic agricultural production will still be in the path of rising costs, the comparative benefits of grain production will continue to decline, the "floor" of food production costs will continue to rise, and the "ceiling" of grain prices will become more and more obvious. It is more and more difficult for farmers to maintain and increase the enthusiasm for planting grain The bigger On the other hand, with the deepening of urbanization, cultivated land and water resources will become tighter in the future. The "maneuver" of grain production resources and environment will be even more harsh and the challenge of realizing sustainable agricultural development will be even more severe.
Therefore, we must pay more attention to strengthening the capacity building for food security and building a new type of national food security system and doing everything possible to solve the problem of feeding 1.3 billion people. This is not only the top priority for managing state affairs in our country, but also the most important issue for our country in the complicated international and domestic situations Control the economic and social development as well as the basis of the overall national security.
In order to build a new type of national food security system, we must adhere to the principle of "using ourselves as the mainstay", ensuring our production capacity, importing at a moderate level and supporting science and technology so as to ensure basic self-sufficiency of cereals and food rations absolutely safe at all times. On the initiative, always grasp the national food security.
First, comprehensively build a new system of food production capacity. Stable, efficient, safe and sustainable food production capacity is the core of building a stable domestic economy and ensuring the basic self-sufficiency of grain and the absolute safety of rations. First, we must strictly observe the red line of cultivated land and delineate permanent basic farmland. This is the basic guarantee for ensuring food production capacity. We should step up comprehensive agricultural development, speed up the construction of Drought and Waterlogging High-standard farmland, and comprehensively improve the quality of cultivated land and land output. Second, we must speed up the transformation of the mode of agricultural development and promote the simultaneous transformation of quantity-oriented grain output from quantity-oriented growth to structural optimization and quality and safety. We should shift from relying mainly on resource consumption to a resource-saving and environment-friendly one, To improve the level of material technology and equipment changes, building efficient output, product safety, resource saving, environmentally friendly new food production system. Third, we must rely on scientific and technological progress to plug the wings of science and technology for food production. We will speed up the mechanization of grain production and give full play to the role of agricultural machinery as a carrier for increasing grain through science and technology.
Second, establish a new food support policy system. To improve and innovate the grain support policy mechanism and further protect and increase farmers' enthusiasm for planting grain is the key to ensuring the steady development of food production. First, we must adhere to the principle of market pricing, give full play to the decisive role of the market in allocating resources, and improve the mechanism of grain price formation. We may consider gradually replacing the lowest purchase price of grain with the target price system, temporarily purchasing and purchasing policies, and diminishing the distorting effect of price support policies on the market. Second, it is necessary to improve and innovate the grain subsidy method, establish a mechanism linking the policy subsidy and grain production, and improve the pertinence, directionality and effectiveness of the subsidy measures. Thirdly, we must focus on subsidizing key grain products, main producing areas and key links to explore ways to implement direct subsidies that have a low market distorting effect and effective management of grain farmers and strongly subsidize support for resource-saving and environment-friendly agricultural production to speed up construction Policy-based agricultural disaster compulsory insurance, price insurance and other food risk control system.
Third, accelerate the innovation of agricultural management system. Fostering the main body of new types of agriculture and innovating agricultural management systems are the key measures to solve the issue of "who will grow grain and how to grow grain". We should foster a new type of main body of agricultural operation and support the development of large grain-growers, family farms, farmer cooperatives, leading agricultural industrialization enterprises and social service organizations, and promote the transformation of agricultural producers from traditional farmers to high-quality professional farmers and promote the specialization of agricultural operations , Scale and organization, enhance the ability of sustainable development of food production.
Fourth, to strengthen food security reserve and emergency system construction. Safe and reasonable food reserves are the material basis for ensuring national food security. It is necessary to scientifically plan the scale of grain reserves, optimize the structure of reserve varieties and regional distribution, and enhance the ability to deal with unconventional impacts such as emergencies.
Fifth, to build a new type of international agricultural cooperation system. Expanding agriculture to open to the outside world, accelerating the pace of agriculture going global, and making overall use of the two markets at home and abroad are the inevitable choices for ensuring food security and ensuring the effective supply of important grain varieties. We should innovate the international agricultural cooperation mechanism, deepen the strategic cooperation in international agriculture, and promote the improvement of the grain production capacity and the effective supply of developing countries. To speed up the pace of agriculture going global, explore the establishment of an overseas agricultural investment and industrial system that meets the requirements of China's food security strategy. We should moderately import foreign agricultural products, grasp the scale and pace of imports, and control and control the adverse effects and risks of imports on domestic agricultural production.